Located at the crossroads of the Mediterranean basin, Lebanon is one of the regions home to ancient civilizations such as the Phoenicians, the Assyrians, the Persians, the Greeks, the Romans, the Byzantines and the Ottoman Turks. Its rich history has shaped the country’s unique cultural identity in terms of ethnic and religious diversity. Lebanon has two terrestrial ecoregions: the Eastern Mediterranean conifer-sclerophyllous-broadleaf forests, and the Southern Anatolian montane conifer and deciduous forests. Tourism is one of Lebanon’s major industries and has been a historically significant component in the local economy. Tourists visiting the country can enjoy a vibrant nightlife and world-renowned cuisine.