1 – Marie Curie (1867 – 1934)
Marie Curie was a Polish-born French physicist and chemist who conducted pioneering research into radioactivity. She was the first woman to win the Nobel Prize, and was also the first person and the only woman to win it twice, as well as being the only person to be awarded in two different scientific fields. She was awarded the physics Nobel in 1903, along with Pierre and Henry Becquerel, for studies in radioactivity and then went on to win a chemistry Nobel in 1911, for the discovery and isolation of Radium. Overexposure to radiation during her study led to her death from leukemia at the age of 66.